Participants at the TAP Summit outlined an agenda for making our county government more open and transparent. View the findings of each workgroup:



“What is Transparency?” presentation by Cleveland Coalition member Beth Sebian.


Includes presentation by Cuyahoga County Public Policy Fellows, County Executive Edward FitzGerald, and County Councilman Dave Greenspan.


County Representatives
Lorena Lockett, Director, Office of Procurement and Diversity
David Merriman, Special Assistant to the Executive

Kevin Leeson, Jenny Spencer, and Gauri Torgelkar

Three Key Takeaways

  1. The County already has strong policies and procedures in place to ensure an ethical and transparent procurement process. Evading County policies is no longer an option.
  2. More can be done to illustrate to a non-expert audience the policies and procedures in place; expanding the basic information available online would instill confidence.
  3. Transparency in the context of procurement requires targeted work to very specialized vendor audiences. Transparency work in this area should target the relationship and communication between county government and these audiences.

Next Steps

  1. Complete ethics training for County employees and prospective vendors; generate lists of businesses that have undergone training.
  2. Use lists to notify prospective bidders of available opportunities. Increase amount of detail published online through upgrades to the BuySpeed system.
  3. Reinforce culture of even-handedness and openness within the County; improve public trust by providing examples of how following processes saves public money.




  • a. Timeline/Vision Statement: To develop a searchable database allowing all of us to make informed decisions and have eyes on what is happening. Full disclosure with a sustainable development approach.
  • b. Benchmarks/Measurements: There are already conversations about with the State allowing the County to post campaign finance reports electronically. collect financial records for the County.
  • c. Short-term action steps

Where are we now?

Pat McDonald: Deputy Director, Cuyahoga County Board of Elections
  • Dale Miller: Cuyahoga County Council Member, District 2 and former State Senator
  • Catherine Turcer: Director, Ohio Citizen Action’s Money in Politics Project and Transition Advisory Group member for finance reform

Transition Advisory Group (TAG) Suggestions
Electronic Campaign Finance Reporting

  • Need an open, searchable database (Something that allows people to drill down to a neighborhood level/Need to start working with IT from the very start)Will allow citizens to see who is making donations and where expenditures are going
  • Will allow people to keep an eye on who is influencing decisions.
  • Need to build a database in-house than working from the state system (Have to build something that can be built upon and be flexible)

Lobbyist Registration-DONE!

  • This was included in the far-reaching ethics law that regulates the conduct of employees, contractors, lobbyists and appointees to boards and commissions.
  • There is still some work that needs to be done-limiting meals, etc.
  • Lobbyists must register with the Inspector General and are forbidden from giving anything of value to employees, or from making campaign contributions.
  • This goes even further than the TAG suggestions

Campaign Contribution limits

  • Proposed limits by County Council based Based on state rules limits. The proposed limits are much higher than TAG recommendations (County Council Districts bigger than State Leg. Districts / There needs to be substantial public process-want council meetings not televised committee meetings / Also needs to be an ethical component-not able to give in the name of another)
  • The most competitive Council races cost ~$1,000 are costly
  • Would like to get it included in the County Charter

Cuyahoga County Clean Elections

  • Determined by council to be cost-prohibitive to tax payers
  • This would have to be voluntary
  • Even though this was dismissed as a non-option (due to cost) it should still be considered.

UPDATES: Contribution Limit Recommendations

  • Dave Greenspan, District One sponsored an ordinance suggesting the county mirror the state limitations: $12,000 limits on for individuals and PACs
  • The TAG suggested: $750 limits on council positions and $1,000 for executive and prosecutor

UPDATES: Electronic Campaign Finance Reporting

  • What are the limitations?
  • Call to action. It was suggested that submitted reports by candidates be placed on line immediately by the County rather than waiting until all amended reports are submitted

UPDATES: Citizen Experts

  • What should the process for determining limitations be?-Who should decide and how?
  • How much access do we want/need in order to make informed decisions?

3 Main Takeaways

  • It is important that people are given the opportunity to connect the dots. The database needs to be searchable and have the ability to cross-reference campaign contributions with expenditures.
  • How big do we want county to be and where do we want other entities to fit in (public boards, etc.)?
  • We need to make sure that the electronic reporting system is done right from the beginning-that includes making sure it is flexible and can support modifications/updates and that there are adequate resources dedicated to the project.

Next Steps

  • Things are pretty much already in-process
  • Several of the issue areas identified by the TAG, including electronic filing, lobbyist registration and contribution limits, either have already been addressed or are currently in the process of being addressed by County Council.
  • May be helpful to have something written into the county charter – could be part of the Charter Review process, as opposed to addressing provisions through ordinances (Needs to be strong public dialogue about this)
  • Become engaged in Council discussions on areas identified in TAG report. Council seems supportive of electronic filing in principle and has already incorporated many of the lobbyist registration provisions in their ethics ordinance. The current Council proposal on campaign limits, however, deviates substantially from the TAG report. Moreover, there does not seem to be interest in the public financing provision. Thus, if citizens desire to see the later 2 provisions enacted as proposed in the TAG report, there will need to be substantial advocacy.

Facilitators: Jason Russell, Jason Bristol

Three major takeaways

  1. Elected Officials – The new county government supports open government and the ideals of transparency. However, elected officials in attendance did not believe that an open government pledge is simply for elected officials. In a representative democracy, all participants are important to the process and all should commit to fostering an open and transparent system of government. The county government should work to institutionalize new media outlets. Examples include blogging about governmental activities and twitter posts regarding relevant events. It was the consensus of the group that identifying bloggers who blog in specific communities could enable the county to effectively communicate relevant information to specific communities.
  2. Citizens – Numerous opportunities for citizen participation currently exist, yet citizens are not availing themselves of these significant opportunities. Causes include a history of corruption, the timing and location of opportunities to participate are not convenient for working people, and information is often not contextualized or made relevant to specific populations. Citizens have an obligation to participate with their government, and better modes of communicating relevant information in a new era of transparency could improve participation. It was the consensus of the citizen participants that an open government pledge could go a long way to re-branding and/or rebuilding public faith in county government.
  3. Media – Traditional media should be held to high ethical standards and should share responsibility for reporting important and accurate information related to county government. Traditional media outlets should view information about the government as newsworthy and should include such information in their reporting on a regular basis. Examples include the publishing of agendas and meeting details, and crawlers relating to governmental activities.

Next Steps

  1. Draft Open Government Pledge that includes public officials, citizens, and the media.
  2. Connect county government with legitimate bloggers in order to better institutionalize new media and to push governmental activities into the public realm (especially positive ones).
  3. Schedule a follow-up meeting. Agenda will include: a) drafting the Open Government Pledge for our community; b) exploring further opportunities for citizens to aid the new government in communicating its activities in a usable format for all segments of the community.

Open Government is the governing doctrine, which holds that citizens have the right to access the documents and proceedings of the government to allow for effective public oversight.

Open Government Pledge is a commitment by public officials, the media and citizens a like to uphold the open government doctrine.

Open Government Initiative:
Goldwater Institute:
White House Open Government Initiative:
Open the Government:


Facilitator: Patrick Kabat

This breakout session began with two core premises. First, understanding who requests government information, who disseminates it, and how and to whom it is disseminated are crucial aspects of ensuring that public information reaches the largest possible public audience. Second, the availability and attitudes of government officials who respond to access requests is as important as the doctrine of access law in making public access to information meaningful. Transparency cannot exist without ready and meaningful public access to government information. But any conversation about meaningful access to public records, meetings, and information must look beyond the bare requirements of the law to the government officials who respond to records requests, and to the individuals who request records and publish it for public consumption. This “middle ground” between abstract rights to government information and the public who ultimately receives it is critical, and the breakout session devoted itself to understanding how information gets from the government to the public, and how information channels can be smoothed and enhanced.

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Facilitator: Jennifer Coleman

  • Why is this important? Columbia building example: people were passionate, committed, but not necessarily aware of the timeline, regulations, etc.
  • Casino group, like many private sectors, has exploited the timeline to their advantage. To deal with this kind of planning, negotiations have to be done at that level
  • along with building projects, there should also be a focus on transportation projects and public spaces projects
  • A good time to get public involvement? Even before the pencil hits the paper! An example of late involvement that can stall a project: Oakwood Commons in South Euclid. Now public is engaged and there is citizen outcry.
  • The downside of early involvement can be the hiked up development prices on getting wind of a proposed project; cna hurt the developer. How can this be achieved without any disadvantage to both the parties? The effects of transparency that will add a monetary premium to the project need to be  examined and discussed with public.
  • TIMING is crucial. and so is balance
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Facilitator: William Tarter, Jr.
Three major takeaways:

  1. The challenge is to make a seemingly complex topic and make it simply for folks to understand.  Don’t just tell us what or how, tell us why!
  2. Why doesn’t the Charter Review Commission operate independently of the Council?  Why does it have to give recommendations to the Council for approval before it is put to the voters?  Ironically, if the Commission wanted to make a recommendation on how to change the Council (ex. Term Limits), they would have to get the approval of Council to put it before the voters!  Commission should forward recommendations directly to the voters to decide.  It is our charter to amend.
  3. Council meetings should be the absolute minimum in public outreach.  Use emerging mediums such as smartphones, apps, mobile versions of websites, Twitter and Facebook. Use traditional methods such as Town Halls, Posters and hotlines. Why isn’t there a Office of Public Engagement, such as what was recommended in the Transition, that would enable these things to happen quickly and easily?

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Facilitator: David Jurca, Jeff Schuler
Three major takeaways

  1. The County would like to have an Open Data Advisory Group to help prioritize which data sets should be made available first.
  2. The group really liked the Open Data Philly website and the group would like to use this as a best practice to model in Cuyahoga County.
  3. More organizations and individuals currently gathering county-wide data need to be engaged in the open data website development process.

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